We all remember how when we were little, our mums used to nag us about brushing our teeth every morning after breakfast and just before bedtime, right? Well, she was right about one thing. If you didn’t brush your pearly whites, not only will you have a smelly breath but you can do some serious damage to your teeth and gums!
What Is Gum Disease?
This is a really painful disease of the gums. Bacteria from leftover food particles or bad dental hygiene hides in the plaque and tartar of your teeth. Ultimately, this bacteria buildup results in gum disease.
This is caused by a buildup of bacteria, mucus, and food particles. If it is not removed, it turns into tartar which becomes a breeding ground for all kinds of bacteria. Thus, resulting in a very common type of dental gum disease – gingivitis!
Three Types of Gum Disease
There are three different types of gum diseases which can occur ranging from mild, moderate to advanced. These are gingivitis, mild periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.
Risky Reasons for Gum Disease
Smokers and diabetics, anyone with a genetic gum disease, or even women with hormonal changes are at a high risk of developing the disease.
When you have gingivitis, your gums become swollen, sore, and maybe even bleed. If caught early enough, a simple correct form of flossing and brushing will do the trick. However, if it’s too late, welcome to mild periodontitis!
Symptoms of Periodontitis
Symptoms of this gum disease include smelly breath, swollen and sore gums, receding gums, painful chewing, and very sensitive teeth.
Mild periodontitis results in an increased swelling and bleeding around the teeth. At this point, the plaque is poisoned by the bacteria which results in the tearing of the gums.
These poison pockets continue to damage the teeth which can cause bone loss around the teeth or the loosening of teeth too. Advanced periodontitis results in the complete bone destruction caused by the bacteria poisons.
Prevention Before Cure
The best ways in which to protect your gums are to follow the basics first. Brush your teeth every morning and night with fluoride toothpaste. Regular flossing of the teeth aids in removing plaque and lingering food particles.
Use a good gingivitis mouthwash every day for added protection of the gums. It’s advisable to visit an oral hygienist at least once a year and replace your toothbrush every three months or so. This is vital especially after you have been ill with throat infections and the like.
Eat The Right Foods
Increase your daily calcium intake by eating organic dairy products like cheese, milk, and yogurt. Eating apples, celery, and cucumbers help clean your teeth naturally too. Having a high antioxidant-rich diet improves your overall health which includes the health of your gums.
This probably all sounds so normal like you haven’t been doing this for so long already, right? Well, here’s another way to keep your gums healthy – exercise! Aerobic exercise increases blood circulation in the body which is a natural stress reliever. Stress can cause gum disease so best you get brushing, flossing, and running!